Country Overview
Senegal has made significant economic improvements and has one of the fastest economic growth rates in Africa. Senegal offers a stable political environment and has actively prioritised attracting investment for infrastructure projects. There is a large infrastructure gap and to ensure capital is used efficiently, Senegal could implement transparent procedures for public procurement and conduct market sounding. Low GDP per capita and the COVID-19 pandemic represent key challenges for Senegal’s ability to deliver future infrastructure projects.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
1,428 USD
Population
16.8 million persons
Infrastructure quality
51.3 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
10.0% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
90.8 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
3.0% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

44
2
51.3
Contender
56
6
52.8
Aspiring
58
8
56.1
Aspiring
44
2
69.8
Contender
64
43
53.2
Aspiring
10
4
54.9
Global Leader
55
-
23.4
Aspiring
57
9
26.1
Aspiring

Metric Overview

Strengths

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, it takes six days to start a business in Senegal, which is significantly lower than the average of 20 days for Lower Middle Income Countries. Shorter times to set up businesses can persuade businesses to set up in a country, including new infrastructure entities.

Financial stability

Senegal’s financial stability is satisfactory. However, it is less stable than the Lower Middle Income Countries average of 83. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure assets and investors. The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is a concern.

Infrastructure investment

Senegal’ infrastructure investment is 6.2% of GDP, higher than the average of 4.6% for all InfraCompass 2020 countries. Senegal’s government has prioritised investment in infrastructure, and encouraged PPPs. It is uncertain how the COVID-19 pandemic will affect investment in the future.

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, it takes six days to start a business in Senegal, which is significantly lower than the average of 20 days for Lower Middle Income Countries. Shorter times to set up businesses can persuade businesses to set up in a country, including new infrastructure entities.

Financial stability

Senegal’s financial stability is satisfactory. However, it is less stable than the Lower Middle Income Countries average of 83. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure assets and investors. The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic is a concern.

Infrastructure investment

Senegal’ infrastructure investment is 6.2% of GDP, higher than the average of 4.6% for all InfraCompass 2020 countries. Senegal’s government has prioritised investment in infrastructure, and encouraged PPPs. It is uncertain how the COVID-19 pandemic will affect investment in the future.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Lower middle income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Opportunities to Grow

Transparency in public procurement

Senegal does not make public procurement notices that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria available online. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is an absence of formal market sounding processes in Senegal. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

GDP per capita

Senegal has a low GDP per capita of USD 1,428 but is growing at a long-term average rate of 4.7% per annum. Its relatively high growth, should it not be overly impacted by COVID-19, can be expected to correlate with greater infrastructure spending.

Transparency in public procurement

Senegal does not make public procurement notices that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria available online. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is an absence of formal market sounding processes in Senegal. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

GDP per capita

Senegal has a low GDP per capita of USD 1,428 but is growing at a long-term average rate of 4.7% per annum. Its relatively high growth, should it not be overly impacted by COVID-19, can be expected to correlate with greater infrastructure spending.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Lower middle income country average

Funding capacity:
GDP per capita

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Senegal

Lower middle Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

30.0 (+6.6)
31.4

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

45.8 (-2.0)
41.5

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

26.7
34.2

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

48.5 (+2.2)
38.7

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Senegal

Lower middle Income Countries Average

30.0 (+6.6)
31.4
45.8 (-2.0)
41.5
Yes
-
26.7
34.2
48.5 (+2.2)
38.7
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Senegal has made significant economic improvements and has one of the fastest economic growth rates in Africa. Senegal offers a stable political environment and has actively prioritised attracting investment for infrastructure projects. There is a large infrastructure gap and to ensure capital is used efficiently, Senegal could implement transparent procedures for public procurement and conduct market sounding. Low GDP per capita and the COVID-19 pandemic represent key challenges for Senegal’s ability to deliver future infrastructure projects.
GDP per capita

1,428 USD

Population

16.8 million persons

Infrastructure quality

51.3 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

10.0% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

90.8 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

3.0% of GDP

GDP

23.9 USD billion

GDP growth rate

6.0%

GDP per capita growth rate

-0.9%

Gini coefficient

40.3 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

63.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

1.0%

Summary credit rating

37.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

6.5%

Urbanisation ratio

47.0% of total population

Road connectivity

72.9 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

4.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

2.9 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

4.5 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

4.0 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

65.2% of population

Electricity supply quality

15.0% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

48.9% of population

Reliability of water supply

3.7 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.4 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

41.5 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

0.8 per 100 population