Country Overview
Poland’s regulatory framework and infrastructure governance systems are designed to encourage private investment and industry competition. Despite these systems and strong infrastructure funding capacity, infrastructure activity and private infrastructure investment remain low. To encourage greater investment and improve competition Poland could do more to support the creation of new businesses. This could be done by reducing start-up costs, the time required to start a business, or by improving the efficiency of processes to register property.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
14,902 USD
Population
38.0 million persons
Infrastructure quality
81.2 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
3.6% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
249.4 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
0.5% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

21
1
67.6
Top performer
22
4
69.6
Top performer
64
16
46.6
Aspiring
40
3
73.4
Contender
39
28
74.7
Contender
66
2
18.2
Emerging
29
2
46.9
Top performer
41
1
32.3
Contender

Metric Overview

Strengths

Financial stability

Poland ranks among the most financially stable countries in InfraCompass 2020. The stability of the financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between parties, improving the supply of capital for projects. The COVID-19 pandemic may impact this.

Strength of insolvency framework

The World Bank rates the strength of Poland’s insolvency framework highly. Strong insolvency protections help to attract investment in infrastructure.

Procurement of PPPs

Poland's legal and regulatory frameworks which govern how private partners are selected for PPPs encourage fairness and transparency. Fair and transparent processes encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money and better quality outcomes.

Financial stability

Poland ranks among the most financially stable countries in InfraCompass 2020. The stability of the financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between parties, improving the supply of capital for projects. The COVID-19 pandemic may impact this.

Strength of insolvency framework

The World Bank rates the strength of Poland’s insolvency framework highly. Strong insolvency protections help to attract investment in infrastructure.

Procurement of PPPs

Poland's legal and regulatory frameworks which govern how private partners are selected for PPPs encourage fairness and transparency. Fair and transparent processes encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money and better quality outcomes.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

High income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Regulatory frameworks:
Strength of insolvency framework

Procurement:
Procurement of PPPs

Opportunities to Grow

Published infrastructure plan

Poland does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Registering property

In Poland it takes 135 days to register a property, significantly above the 25 day average for High Income Countries. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, a lengthy registration process increases project cost and risk.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of closed PPP infrastructure deals in Poland is the second lowest out of High Income Countries, at 0.005% of GDP. This is a fraction of the High Income Countries’ average of 0.14%. A low value may reflect a preference for traditional delivery models.

Published infrastructure plan

Poland does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Registering property

In Poland it takes 135 days to register a property, significantly above the 25 day average for High Income Countries. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, a lengthy registration process increases project cost and risk.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of closed PPP infrastructure deals in Poland is the second lowest out of High Income Countries, at 0.005% of GDP. This is a fraction of the High Income Countries’ average of 0.14%. A low value may reflect a preference for traditional delivery models.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

High income country average

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Poland

High Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

60.9 (+0.3)
68.3

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

58.6 (-4.2)
74.3

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

50.0
48.1

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

59.1 (+0.6)
61.9

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Poland

High Income Countries Average

60.9 (+0.3)
68.3
58.6 (-4.2)
74.3
Yes
-
50.0
48.1
59.1 (+0.6)
61.9
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Poland’s regulatory framework and infrastructure governance systems are designed to encourage private investment and industry competition. Despite these systems and strong infrastructure funding capacity, infrastructure activity and private infrastructure investment remain low. To encourage greater investment and improve competition Poland could do more to support the creation of new businesses. This could be done by reducing start-up costs, the time required to start a business, or by improving the efficiency of processes to register property.
GDP per capita

14,902 USD

Population

38.0 million persons

Infrastructure quality

81.2 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

3.6% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

249.4 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

0.5% of GDP

GDP

565.9 USD billion

GDP growth rate

4.0%

GDP per capita growth rate

-3.4%

Gini coefficient

31.8 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

48.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

2.4%

Summary credit rating

71.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

3.3%

Urbanisation ratio

60.0% of total population

Road connectivity

88.0 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

4.3 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

3.9 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

4.8 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

4.5 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

100.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

5.6% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

4.0% of population

Reliability of water supply

5.9 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.7 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

171.7 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

18.9 per 100 population