Country Overview
The Netherlands' infrastructure procurement processes rank second among InfraCompass2020 countries. Combined with strong regulatory frameworks and infrastructure governance systems this helps encourage infrastructure investment and competition among suppliers. Additionally, with a strong credit rating and high GDP per capita, the Netherlands has a strong infrastructure funding capacity. However, sluggish long-term GDP growth, relatively high public debt and the potential economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic may adversely affect Netherlands' ability to fund infrastructure investment in the future.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
52,368 USD
Population
17.2 million persons
Infrastructure quality
94.3 (0-100 best)
Private infrastructure investment
2,194 5-year average, USD millions

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

3
1
82.3
Global Leader
4
1
79.6
Global Leader
5
-
90.8
Global Leader
10
1
97.1
Global Leader
2
1
94.4
Global Leader
56
17
24.5
Aspiring
7
-
79.6
Global Leader
14
-
62.8
Global Leader

Metric Overview

Strengths

Transparency in public procurement

The Netherland’s public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents transparently detail procurement procedures. The transparency of the process encourages more participation and competition, which can drive value for money.

Summary credit rating

The Netherlands’ institutional strength and high per capita income have helped it maintain a AAA credit rating from the major ratings agencies. The Netherlands’ credit rating and sound macro-financial management allow the government to borrow at a lower cost to fund investment in infrastructure.

Registering property

In the Netherlands it takes just 2.5 days to register a property, a fraction of the 25 day European average. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, an efficient registration process reduces project cost and risk.

Transparency in public procurement

The Netherland’s public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents transparently detail procurement procedures. The transparency of the process encourages more participation and competition, which can drive value for money.

Summary credit rating

The Netherlands’ institutional strength and high per capita income have helped it maintain a AAA credit rating from the major ratings agencies. The Netherlands’ credit rating and sound macro-financial management allow the government to borrow at a lower cost to fund investment in infrastructure.

Registering property

In the Netherlands it takes just 2.5 days to register a property, a fraction of the 25 day European average. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, an efficient registration process reduces project cost and risk.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

High income country average

Funding capacity:
Summary credit rating

Opportunities to Grow

Long term GDP growth trend

The Netherlands’ long-term GDP growth trend decreased to 0.9%, below the High Income Countries’ average of 1.9%. Combined with the uncertain impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, low growth may hamper the Netherlands’ ability to borrow and build more infrastructure.

Gross government debt

The Netherlands' gross government debt sits at 49% of GDP, lower than the High Income Countries’ average of 74% of GDP. However, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may expand government debt further, and hinder Netherland’s ability to invest in infrastructure.

Dealing with construction permits

According to the World Bank, in the Netherlands it takes an average of 161 days to deal with construction permits. Expediting this process could significantly impact investment in infrastructure by helping to reduce delays.

Long term GDP growth trend

The Netherlands’ long-term GDP growth trend decreased to 0.9%, below the High Income Countries’ average of 1.9%. Combined with the uncertain impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, low growth may hamper the Netherlands’ ability to borrow and build more infrastructure.

Gross government debt

The Netherlands' gross government debt sits at 49% of GDP, lower than the High Income Countries’ average of 74% of GDP. However, the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may expand government debt further, and hinder Netherland’s ability to invest in infrastructure.

Dealing with construction permits

According to the World Bank, in the Netherlands it takes an average of 161 days to deal with construction permits. Expediting this process could significantly impact investment in infrastructure by helping to reduce delays.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

High income country average

Funding capacity:
Long term GDP growth trend

Funding capacity:
Gross government debt

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Netherlands

High Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

90.1 (+0.8)
68.3

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

86.3 (-1.6)
74.3

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

50.0
48.1

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

64.5 (-0.7)
61.9

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Netherlands

High Income Countries Average

90.1 (+0.8)
68.3
86.3 (-1.6)
74.3
Yes
-
50.0
48.1
64.5 (-0.7)
61.9
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

The Netherlands' infrastructure procurement processes rank second among InfraCompass2020 countries. Combined with strong regulatory frameworks and infrastructure governance systems this helps encourage infrastructure investment and competition among suppliers. Additionally, with a strong credit rating and high GDP per capita, the Netherlands has a strong infrastructure funding capacity. However, sluggish long-term GDP growth, relatively high public debt and the potential economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic may adversely affect Netherlands' ability to fund infrastructure investment in the future.
GDP per capita

52,368 USD

Population

17.2 million persons

Infrastructure quality

94.3 (0-100 best)

Private infrastructure investment

2,194 5-year average, USD millions

GDP

902.4 USD billion

GDP growth rate

1.8%

GDP per capita growth rate

-1.6%

Gini coefficient

28.2 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

49.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

2.5%

Summary credit rating

100.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

3.8%

Urbanisation ratio

91.0% of total population

Road connectivity

89.0 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

6.4 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

5.7 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

6.4 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

6.4 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

100.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

4.5% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

0.2% of population

Reliability of water supply

6.9 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.8 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

90.9 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

42.4 per 100 population