Country Overview
Malaysia has established systems and processes in place that provide favourable regulatory conditions for investing in infrastructure that are supported by a resilient financial sector. To improve the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Malaysia could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and publish a pipeline of future projects. This may help Malaysia identify necessary infrastructure projects and provide investors with a clearer view of investment opportunities.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
11,137 USD
Population
32.8 million persons
Infrastructure quality
78.0 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
3.7% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
1,498 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
0.6% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

18
1
74.4
Top performer
30
1
63.0
Top performer
24
-
80.1
Top performer
64
1
37.7
Aspiring
49
2
66.8
Aspiring
54
26
25.2
Aspiring
30
1
42.8
Top performer
15
-
61.2
Global Leader

Metric Overview

Strengths

Registering property

In Malaysia, it takes 11.5 days to register a property, which is less than the Upper Middle Income Countries’ average of 21.7 days. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, an efficient registration process reduces project cost and risk.

Financial stability

Malaysia has high financial stability, although the COVID-19 pandemic may impact this. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure and investors, improving capital supply for projects.

Quality of land administration

Malaysia has one of the highest quality of land administration out of the InfraCompass 2020 countries. A high quality system ensures reliable and accurate information is available to help governments determine where infrastructure projects can be undertaken.

Registering property

In Malaysia, it takes 11.5 days to register a property, which is less than the Upper Middle Income Countries’ average of 21.7 days. As infrastructure projects often involve some transfer of property rights, an efficient registration process reduces project cost and risk.

Financial stability

Malaysia has high financial stability, although the COVID-19 pandemic may impact this. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure and investors, improving capital supply for projects.

Quality of land administration

Malaysia has one of the highest quality of land administration out of the InfraCompass 2020 countries. A high quality system ensures reliable and accurate information is available to help governments determine where infrastructure projects can be undertaken.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Upper middle income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Opportunities to Grow

Published project pipeline

Malaysia does not currently publish an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Malaysia does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight challenges and opportunities for infrastructure investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

At only 0.04% of GDP, the value of closed PPP infrastructure deals is one of the lowest among Upper Middle Income Countries and well below the average of 0.11%. A low value may reflect a preference for publicly-funded models.

Published project pipeline

Malaysia does not currently publish an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Malaysia does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight challenges and opportunities for infrastructure investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

At only 0.04% of GDP, the value of closed PPP infrastructure deals is one of the lowest among Upper Middle Income Countries and well below the average of 0.11%. A low value may reflect a preference for publicly-funded models.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Upper middle income country average

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Malaysia

Upper middle Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

81.0 (-0.3)
37.7

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

62.5 (+2.5)
45.1

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

56.7 (+3.3)
40.2

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

54.0 (+1.7)
46.1

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Malaysia

Upper middle Income Countries Average

81.0 (-0.3)
37.7
62.5 (+2.5)
45.1
Yes
-
56.7 (+3.3)
40.2
54.0 (+1.7)
46.1
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Malaysia has established systems and processes in place that provide favourable regulatory conditions for investing in infrastructure that are supported by a resilient financial sector. To improve the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Malaysia could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and publish a pipeline of future projects. This may help Malaysia identify necessary infrastructure projects and provide investors with a clearer view of investment opportunities.
GDP per capita

11,137 USD

Population

32.8 million persons

Infrastructure quality

78.0 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

3.7% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

1,498 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

0.6% of GDP

GDP

365.3 USD billion

GDP growth rate

4.5%

GDP per capita growth rate

0.6%

Gini coefficient

41.0 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

56.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

1.0%

Summary credit rating

66.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

3.4%

Urbanisation ratio

76.0% of total population

Road connectivity

40.0 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

5.3 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

5.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

5.5 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

5.2 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

98.2% of population

Electricity supply quality

6.9% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

12.0% of population

Reliability of water supply

5.4 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.7 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

116.7 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

8.6 per 100 population