Country Overview
Mali's continued high levels of infrastructure activity, particularly in projects with PPP and foreign financing, showcases it as a benchmark for African and Low Income Countries. Despite such strong activity in the market, there is a strong need for reform to the domestic permit process and funding capacity, epitomised by the high business start-up costs and low credit ratings, which if not addressed may hinder future activity.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
924.0 USD
Population
19.1 million persons
Infrastructure quality
43.9 (0-100 best)
Private infrastructure investment
61.0 5-year average, USD millions

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

61
1
44.2
Aspiring
67
5
47.3
Emerging
70
8
39.4
Emerging
17
1
95.1
Top performer
55
15
63.4
Aspiring
2
1
77.9
Global Leader
64
-
21.8
Aspiring
66
4
22.3
Emerging

Metric Overview

Strengths

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of privately financed PPP infrastructure projects as a share of GDP in Mali remains the highest in Africa. The continued availability of investment opportunities has helped attract private investment. However, the COVID-19 pandemic may impact levels of private finance.

Value of close infrastructure deals with foreign equity sponsorship

Mali has the second highest values of closed infrastructure deals with foreign equity sponsorship in Africa at 0.37% of GDP. A high value may reflect favourable trade conditions and lower barriers to foreign investment. However, the COVID-19 pandemic may impact international capital flows.

Financial stability

Financial stability is one of the lowest among all InfraCompass 2020 countries in part due to political and social fragility, which may be exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure and investors.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of privately financed PPP infrastructure projects as a share of GDP in Mali remains the highest in Africa. The continued availability of investment opportunities has helped attract private investment. However, the COVID-19 pandemic may impact levels of private finance.

Value of close infrastructure deals with foreign equity sponsorship

Mali has the second highest values of closed infrastructure deals with foreign equity sponsorship in Africa at 0.37% of GDP. A high value may reflect favourable trade conditions and lower barriers to foreign investment. However, the COVID-19 pandemic may impact international capital flows.

Financial stability

Financial stability is one of the lowest among all InfraCompass 2020 countries in part due to political and social fragility, which may be exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure and investors.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Low income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Opportunities to Grow

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Mali is 55% of income per capita, the second most expensive among InfraCompass 2020 countries. Lowering costs could ease the entry of new firms.

GDP per capita

Despite more than tripling over the past 20 years, Mali’s GDP per capita is still relatively low at USD 967. High growth, should it not be overly impacted by COVID-19, can be expected to correlate with greater infrastructure spending.

Political stability and absence of violence score

Mali has one of the lowest levels of political stability among all InfraCompass 2020 countries. Government instability impedes governance and economic reforms, and can deter investors from committing capital to long-term infrastructure projects.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Mali is 55% of income per capita, the second most expensive among InfraCompass 2020 countries. Lowering costs could ease the entry of new firms.

GDP per capita

Despite more than tripling over the past 20 years, Mali’s GDP per capita is still relatively low at USD 967. High growth, should it not be overly impacted by COVID-19, can be expected to correlate with greater infrastructure spending.

Political stability and absence of violence score

Mali has one of the lowest levels of political stability among all InfraCompass 2020 countries. Government instability impedes governance and economic reforms, and can deter investors from committing capital to long-term infrastructure projects.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Low income country average

Funding capacity:
GDP per capita

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Mali

Low Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

28.3 (+3.5)
21.8

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

34.0 (-0.3)
37.1

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

26.7
16.3

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

15.8 (-7.2)
34.0

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Mali

Low Income Countries Average

28.3 (+3.5)
21.8
34.0 (-0.3)
37.1
Yes
-
26.7
16.3
15.8 (-7.2)
34.0
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Mali's continued high levels of infrastructure activity, particularly in projects with PPP and foreign financing, showcases it as a benchmark for African and Low Income Countries. Despite such strong activity in the market, there is a strong need for reform to the domestic permit process and funding capacity, epitomised by the high business start-up costs and low credit ratings, which if not addressed may hinder future activity.
GDP per capita

924.0 USD

Population

19.1 million persons

Infrastructure quality

43.9 (0-100 best)

Private infrastructure investment

61.0 5-year average, USD millions

GDP

17.6 USD billion

GDP growth rate

5.0%

GDP per capita growth rate

-0.3%

Gini coefficient

33.0 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

38.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

0.2%

Summary credit rating

0.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

9.8%

Urbanisation ratio

42.0% of total population

Road connectivity

69.7 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

3.2 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

4.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

2.2 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

38.3% of population

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

75.7% of population

Reliability of water supply

2.6 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.3 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

30.3 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

0.6 per 100 population