Country Overview
Cambodia’s investment in infrastructure remains high. There has been an increase in both the value of PPP deals closed over the last five years and public infrastructure investment. To improve the quality of its investment, Cambodia could reform its procurement processes by improving the transparency of tender processes, including through online procurement systems and publishing of guidelines. Cambodia’s permit processes could also be significantly improved by reducing the time to obtain construction or business permits and reducing delays to projects and investments.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
1,621 USD
Population
16.5 million persons
Infrastructure quality
54.9 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
7.6% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
3.3 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
3.3% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

64
1
39.6
Aspiring
44
7
59.4
Contender
76
-
15.7
Emerging
53
4
62.2
Aspiring
72
19
46.9
Emerging
38
9
35.2
Contender
60
2
22.2
Aspiring
29
3
42.0
Top performer

Metric Overview

Strengths

Infrastructure investment

Investment in infrastructure is a priority for Cambodia, at 8.7% of GDP per annum, one of the highest investment rates among all InfraCompass 2020 countries. It is unclear if the COVID-19 pandemic will impact these efforts.

Financial stability

Cambodia’s financial stability is satisfactory. It is equivalent to the Lower Middle Income Countries’ average of 83. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure assets and investors.

Strength of insolvency framework

Cambodia has a framework for reorganisation and bankruptcy which governs formal insolvency. This protects investors and helps attract investment for potential infrastructure projects.

Infrastructure investment

Investment in infrastructure is a priority for Cambodia, at 8.7% of GDP per annum, one of the highest investment rates among all InfraCompass 2020 countries. It is unclear if the COVID-19 pandemic will impact these efforts.

Financial stability

Cambodia’s financial stability is satisfactory. It is equivalent to the Lower Middle Income Countries’ average of 83. A stable financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between infrastructure assets and investors.

Strength of insolvency framework

Cambodia has a framework for reorganisation and bankruptcy which governs formal insolvency. This protects investors and helps attract investment for potential infrastructure projects.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Lower middle income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Regulatory frameworks:
Strength of insolvency framework

Opportunities to Grow

Transparency in public procurement

Cambodia does not make public procurement notices available online that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Cambodia is 53% of income per capita, one of the most expensive in InfraCompass 2020 countries. Lowering start-up costs could ease the entry of new firms.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is no formal requirement for a market sounding process in Cambodia. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

Transparency in public procurement

Cambodia does not make public procurement notices available online that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Cambodia is 53% of income per capita, one of the most expensive in InfraCompass 2020 countries. Lowering start-up costs could ease the entry of new firms.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is no formal requirement for a market sounding process in Cambodia. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Lower middle income country average

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Cambodia

Lower middle Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

14.6 (+0.7)
31.4

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

27.7 (-1.0)
41.5

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

0.0
34.2

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

51.8 (-1.7)
38.7

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Cambodia

Lower middle Income Countries Average

14.6 (+0.7)
31.4
27.7 (-1.0)
41.5
Yes
-
0.0
34.2
51.8 (-1.7)
38.7
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Cambodia’s investment in infrastructure remains high. There has been an increase in both the value of PPP deals closed over the last five years and public infrastructure investment. To improve the quality of its investment, Cambodia could reform its procurement processes by improving the transparency of tender processes, including through online procurement systems and publishing of guidelines. Cambodia’s permit processes could also be significantly improved by reducing the time to obtain construction or business permits and reducing delays to projects and investments.
GDP per capita

1,621 USD

Population

16.5 million persons

Infrastructure quality

54.9 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

7.6% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

3.3 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

3.3% of GDP

GDP

26.7 USD billion

GDP growth rate

7.0%

GDP per capita growth rate

7.7%

Gross Government Debt

30.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

2.2%

Summary credit rating

30.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

1.0%

Urbanisation ratio

23.0% of total population

Road connectivity

61.9 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

3.6 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

3.7 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

3.6 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

60.6% of population

Electricity supply quality

13.0% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

40.5% of population

Reliability of water supply

4.5 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.4 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

82.8 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

1.0 per 100 population