Country Overview
The quality of Croatia's infrastructure procurement processes improved significantly. In combination with permit rules that support the creation of businesses, this has helped keep infrastructure activity high, albeit at lower levels than those recorded in 2016. To increase the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Croatia could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and conduct post-completion reviews.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
14,950 USD
Population
4.1 million persons
Infrastructure quality
78.2 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
4.2% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
30.0 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
0.6% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

62
1
43.8
Aspiring
33
1
62.8
Contender
36
1
73.7
Contender
58
2
48.0
Aspiring
5
22
93.6
Global Leader
29
19
39.7
Top performer
43
2
34.3
Contender
47
3
29.0
Contender

Metric Overview

Strengths

Transparency in public procurement

Croatia's public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents transparently detail procurement procedures. The transparency of the process encourages more participation and competition, which drives value for money and better quality outcomes.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of recent privately financed PPP infrastructure projects in Croatia remains high, averaging 0.8% of GDP across the last five years. This is significantly above the High Income Countries average of 0.1%.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Croatia is 6.2% of income per capita, down 1.2% from 2016, easing the entry of new firms.

Transparency in public procurement

Croatia's public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents transparently detail procurement procedures. The transparency of the process encourages more participation and competition, which drives value for money and better quality outcomes.

Value of closed PPP infrastructure deals

The value of recent privately financed PPP infrastructure projects in Croatia remains high, averaging 0.8% of GDP across the last five years. This is significantly above the High Income Countries average of 0.1%.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Croatia is 6.2% of income per capita, down 1.2% from 2016, easing the entry of new firms.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

High income country average

Opportunities to Grow

Published infrastructure plan

Croatia does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is no formal requirement for a market sounding process in Croatia. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

Post-completion reviews

Croatia does not undertake post-completion reviews for infrastructure projects. The implementation of post-completion reviews could help determine whether projects have achieved their objectives efficiently, and identify areas for improvement.

Published infrastructure plan

Croatia does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Market sounding and/or assessment

According to the World Bank, there is no formal requirement for a market sounding process in Croatia. Adding one could allow the government to determine if there is an interest from investors and lenders to provide commercial financing for projects.

Post-completion reviews

Croatia does not undertake post-completion reviews for infrastructure projects. The implementation of post-completion reviews could help determine whether projects have achieved their objectives efficiently, and identify areas for improvement.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

High income country average

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Croatia

High Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

35.2 (+1.5)
68.3

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

56.5 (-1.7)
74.3

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

No
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

60.0
48.1

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

62.8 (+1.8)
61.9

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Croatia

High Income Countries Average

35.2 (+1.5)
68.3
56.5 (-1.7)
74.3
No
-
60.0
48.1
62.8 (+1.8)
61.9
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

The quality of Croatia's infrastructure procurement processes improved significantly. In combination with permit rules that support the creation of businesses, this has helped keep infrastructure activity high, albeit at lower levels than those recorded in 2016. To increase the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Croatia could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and conduct post-completion reviews.
GDP per capita

14,950 USD

Population

4.1 million persons

Infrastructure quality

78.2 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

4.2% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

30.0 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

0.6% of GDP

GDP

60.7 USD billion

GDP growth rate

3.0%

GDP per capita growth rate

0.5%

Gini coefficient

41.5 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

71.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

1.0%

Summary credit rating

50.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

7.8%

Urbanisation ratio

57.0% of total population

Road connectivity

78.6 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

5.6 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

2.4 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

4.8 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

4.7 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

100.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

9.8% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

4.6% of population

Reliability of water supply

6.2 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.6 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

79.5 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

27.0 per 100 population