Country Overview
Egypt has undergone significant economic reforms aimed at attracting investment and encouraging private-sector led growth. Egypt has a strong PPP procurement process in place that supports a fair and competitive market. Despite improvements in the planning of projects, there is scope to provide more guidance around national infrastructure projects.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
3,047 USD
Population
99.2 million persons
Infrastructure quality
73.1 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
3.8% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
353.9 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
1.8% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

45
3
51.3
Contender
61
6
49.9
Aspiring
62
3
48.2
Aspiring
61
1
40.9
Aspiring
42
7
73.8
Contender
51
2
27.5
Aspiring
71
-
19.6
Emerging
58
3
25.6
Aspiring

Metric Overview

Strengths

Financial stability

Egypt’s economic reforms have helped strengthen economic growth and reduce public debt. These reforms also helped to increase foreign reserves which can provide a stable base to attract investment in infrastructure. The long-term impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are to be determined.

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, the time required to start a business in Egypt is now 12.5 days following Egypt reviewing and simplifying the procedures to establish a business in 2018. Shorter times to set up businesses can ease businesses entry, including for new infrastructure entities.

Procurement of PPPs

Egypt has a competitive selection process in place for the procurement of PPPs which is overseen by the Supreme Committee for Public Private Partnership Affairs. This is designed to ensure the process is fair and transparent which can help drive value for money.

Financial stability

Egypt’s economic reforms have helped strengthen economic growth and reduce public debt. These reforms also helped to increase foreign reserves which can provide a stable base to attract investment in infrastructure. The long-term impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are to be determined.

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, the time required to start a business in Egypt is now 12.5 days following Egypt reviewing and simplifying the procedures to establish a business in 2018. Shorter times to set up businesses can ease businesses entry, including for new infrastructure entities.

Procurement of PPPs

Egypt has a competitive selection process in place for the procurement of PPPs which is overseen by the Supreme Committee for Public Private Partnership Affairs. This is designed to ensure the process is fair and transparent which can help drive value for money.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Lower middle income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Procurement:
Procurement of PPPs

Opportunities to Grow

Published project pipeline

Egypt does not currently have an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Egypt does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Stocks traded

At 6% of GDP, Egypt’s value of stocks traded is lower than the Lower Middle Income Countries’ average of 15% of GDP. As this indicator measures the liquidity of equities, it is important to infrastructure investors to know they can exit investments at appropriate points.

Published project pipeline

Egypt does not currently have an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Egypt does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Stocks traded

At 6% of GDP, Egypt’s value of stocks traded is lower than the Lower Middle Income Countries’ average of 15% of GDP. As this indicator measures the liquidity of equities, it is important to infrastructure investors to know they can exit investments at appropriate points.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Lower middle income country average

Financial markets:
Stocks traded

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Egypt

Lower middle Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

23.3 (-3.7)
31.4

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

41.8 (+2.1)
41.5

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

60.0 (+16.7)
34.2

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

30.6 (+4.5)
38.7

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Egypt

Lower middle Income Countries Average

23.3 (-3.7)
31.4
41.8 (+2.1)
41.5
Yes
-
60.0 (+16.7)
34.2
30.6 (+4.5)
38.7
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Egypt has undergone significant economic reforms aimed at attracting investment and encouraging private-sector led growth. Egypt has a strong PPP procurement process in place that supports a fair and competitive market. Despite improvements in the planning of projects, there is scope to provide more guidance around national infrastructure projects.
GDP per capita

3,047 USD

Population

99.2 million persons

Infrastructure quality

73.1 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

3.8% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

353.9 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

1.8% of GDP

GDP

302.3 USD billion

GDP growth rate

5.5%

GDP per capita growth rate

18.4%

Gini coefficient

31.8 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

85.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

13.9%

Summary credit rating

30.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

11.3%

Urbanisation ratio

43.0% of total population

Road connectivity

82.2 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

5.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

3.8 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

5.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

4.8 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

99.8% of population

Electricity supply quality

11.9% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

8.9% of population

Reliability of water supply

4.8 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.5 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

53.9 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

6.7 per 100 population