Country Overview
Benin has seen healthy progress over the past 20 years. With average long-term growth rates above 4% and relatively low government debt to GDP at 30%, it is not surprising that their current infrastructure investment is high at 6% of GDP. Benin is a strong performer in permits and financial market drivers, underpinned by low costs and short set up times to start businesses. To increase efficiency, Benin should seek to lower the time to register property and increase the transparency in the procurement process.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
1,217 USD
Population
11.8 million persons
Infrastructure quality
40.2 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
6.3% of GDP
Infrastructure gap
3.9% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

53
-
47.6
Aspiring
65
-
47.9
Emerging
59
4
56.0
Aspiring
24
2
90.2
Top performer
70
9
51.2
Emerging
23
3
44.2
Top performer
65
2
21.5
Emerging
67
7
21.6
Emerging

Metric Overview

Strengths

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Benin is equal to 3.5% of income per capita, the second lowest of Low Income Countries, easing the entry of new firms.

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, the time required to start a business in Benin is 8.5 days, below the Low Income Countries’ average of 18 days. Shorter times to set up businesses can persuade businesses to set up in a country, including new infrastructure entities.

Financial stability

According to the World Bank, the stability of Benin’s financial sector remains strong, however the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may negatively affect this figure. The stability of the financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between parties, improving the supply of capital for projects.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Benin is equal to 3.5% of income per capita, the second lowest of Low Income Countries, easing the entry of new firms.

Time required to start a business

According to the World Bank, the time required to start a business in Benin is 8.5 days, below the Low Income Countries’ average of 18 days. Shorter times to set up businesses can persuade businesses to set up in a country, including new infrastructure entities.

Financial stability

According to the World Bank, the stability of Benin’s financial sector remains strong, however the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic may negatively affect this figure. The stability of the financial system facilitates the smooth flow of funds between parties, improving the supply of capital for projects.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

Low income country average

Financial markets:
Financial stability

Opportunities to Grow

Transparency in public procurement

Benin does not make public procurement notices available online that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Registering property

It takes 120 days to register a property in Benin, the longest duration of the Low Income Countries. As infrastructure projects often involve property rights, the longer the time to register properties, the more costly and risky the project.

GDP per capita

Despite more than doubling over the past 20 years, Benin’s GDP per capita is still relatively low at USD 1,217. Yet, this still represents the highest value of the Low Income Countries, and Benin can expect to graduate to Lower Middle Income in the foreseeable future.

Transparency in public procurement

Benin does not make public procurement notices available online that detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. A more transparent process could encourage more participation and competition, which drive value for money.

Registering property

It takes 120 days to register a property in Benin, the longest duration of the Low Income Countries. As infrastructure projects often involve property rights, the longer the time to register properties, the more costly and risky the project.

GDP per capita

Despite more than doubling over the past 20 years, Benin’s GDP per capita is still relatively low at USD 1,217. Yet, this still represents the highest value of the Low Income Countries, and Benin can expect to graduate to Lower Middle Income in the foreseeable future.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

Low income country average

Funding capacity:
GDP per capita

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Benin

Low Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

23.9 (+4.2)
21.8

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

36.5 (-1.3)
37.1

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

26.7
16.3

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

47.8 (-2.2)
34.0

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Benin

Low Income Countries Average

23.9 (+4.2)
21.8
36.5 (-1.3)
37.1
Yes
-
26.7
16.3
47.8 (-2.2)
34.0
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Benin has seen healthy progress over the past 20 years. With average long-term growth rates above 4% and relatively low government debt to GDP at 30%, it is not surprising that their current infrastructure investment is high at 6% of GDP. Benin is a strong performer in permits and financial market drivers, underpinned by low costs and short set up times to start businesses. To increase efficiency, Benin should seek to lower the time to register property and increase the transparency in the procurement process.
GDP per capita

1,217 USD

Population

11.8 million persons

Infrastructure quality

40.2 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

6.3% of GDP

Infrastructure gap

3.9% of GDP

GDP

14.4 USD billion

GDP growth rate

6.6%

GDP per capita growth rate

-2.0%

Gini coefficient

47.8 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

41.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

-0.3%

Summary credit rating

32.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

2.0%

Urbanisation ratio

47.0% of total population

Road connectivity

81.1 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

3.2 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

1.7 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

3.9 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

3.7 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

30.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

19.4% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

67.0% of population

Reliability of water supply

3.5 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.2 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

19.8 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

0.2 per 100 population