Country Overview
Belgium's regulatory framework and permits support the creation of businesses and provides tax incentives for investors. Combined with strong financial and legal systems, this environment encourages new infrastructure investment and promotes competition between suppliers. To increase the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Belgium could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and establish a pipeline of projects.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
45,176 USD
Population
11.5 million persons
Infrastructure quality
87.3 (0-100 best)
Private infrastructure investment
1,327 5-year average, USD millions

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

29
-
60.1
Top performer
17
-
72.0
Top performer
33
5
75.1
Contender
66
1
36.0
Emerging
17
13
88.7
Top performer
48
2
28.1
Contender
17
1
68.0
Top performer
22
-
48.7
Top performer

Metric Overview

Strengths

Transparency in public procurement

Belgium's public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. Transparent processes encourage more participants and competition, which drives value for money and improves infrastructure quality.

Recovery rate

World Bank data estimates the recovery rate for investors in Belgium to be 89.4 cents on the dollar, well above the 70.2 cent average in High Income Countries. The recovery rate reflects the strength of creditor protections.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Belgium is equal to 5.3% of income per capita. This is slightly above the 4.7% average for High Income Countries. Lowering costs to start a business could ease the entry of new firms.

Transparency in public procurement

Belgium's public procurement notices are made available online and tender documents detail both procurement procedures and shortlisting criteria. Transparent processes encourage more participants and competition, which drives value for money and improves infrastructure quality.

Recovery rate

World Bank data estimates the recovery rate for investors in Belgium to be 89.4 cents on the dollar, well above the 70.2 cent average in High Income Countries. The recovery rate reflects the strength of creditor protections.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost of starting a business in Belgium is equal to 5.3% of income per capita. This is slightly above the 4.7% average for High Income Countries. Lowering costs to start a business could ease the entry of new firms.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

High income country average

Governance:
Recovery rate

Opportunities to Grow

Published project pipeline

Belgium does not currently have an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Belgium does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Post-completion reviews

Belgium does not undertake post-completion reviews for infrastructure projects. The implementation of post-completion reviews could help determine whether projects have achieved their objectives efficiently and identify areas for improvement.

Published project pipeline

Belgium does not currently have an infrastructure pipeline of projects. The addition of an infrastructure pipeline could help provide infrastructure participants with a clear indication of prospective and confirmed infrastructure activity.

Published infrastructure plan

Belgium does not have a national or sub-national infrastructure plan. The addition of an infrastructure plan could highlight infrastructure challenges and opportunities for investment, as well as detail the government's planned responses.

Post-completion reviews

Belgium does not undertake post-completion reviews for infrastructure projects. The implementation of post-completion reviews could help determine whether projects have achieved their objectives efficiently and identify areas for improvement.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

High income country average

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Belgium

High Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

89.4 (-0.5)
68.3

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

77.4 (-0.5)
74.3

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

No
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

43.3
48.1

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

56.9 (-0.5)
61.9

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Belgium

High Income Countries Average

89.4 (-0.5)
68.3
77.4 (-0.5)
74.3
No
-
43.3
48.1
56.9 (-0.5)
61.9
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Belgium's regulatory framework and permits support the creation of businesses and provides tax incentives for investors. Combined with strong financial and legal systems, this environment encourages new infrastructure investment and promotes competition between suppliers. To increase the efficiency of infrastructure investment, Belgium could look to develop a national infrastructure plan and establish a pipeline of projects.
GDP per capita

45,176 USD

Population

11.5 million persons

Infrastructure quality

87.3 (0-100 best)

Private infrastructure investment

1,327 5-year average, USD millions

GDP

517.6 USD billion

GDP growth rate

1.2%

GDP per capita growth rate

-3.3%

Gini coefficient

27.7 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

101.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

1.5%

Summary credit rating

88.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

6.4%

Urbanisation ratio

98.0% of total population

Road connectivity

90.9 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

4.4 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

4.1 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

5.6 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

5.6 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

100.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

4.2% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

0.3% of population

Reliability of water supply

6.8 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.8 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

75.7 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

39.2 per 100 population