Country Overview
Canada's infrastructure planning and procurement processes rank among the best in the world. Having sub-national infrastructure authorities responsible for infrastructure governance and regulation, combined with a high quality administrative and legal system, have helped promote quality project planning and delivery in Canada. However, sluggish GDP growth and rising public debt levels threaten to further decrease Canada's infrastructure expenditure. The long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on infrastructure investment levels remains an outstanding question.
See Full Overview Data
GDP per capita
46,213 USD
Population
37.5 million persons
Infrastructure quality
80.8 (0-100 best)
Infrastructure investment
2.5% of GDP
Private infrastructure investment
7,534 5-year average, USD millions
Infrastructure gap
0.0% of GDP

Driver Overview

This section shows a country’s rank, ranking change and score for each of the eight drivers. It also categorises each country’s driver performance on a scale from “Emerging” (score from 0-20) to “Global Leader” (score from 80-100).

Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Rank

Score /100

Best practice

4
2
81.9
Global Leader
12
3
74.5
Global Leader
12
4
85.5
Global Leader
3
-
98.5
Global Leader
8
4
93.1
Global Leader
37
-
36.1
Contender
12
2
74.7
Global Leader
6
3
75.6
Global Leader

Metric Overview

Strengths

Transparency in public procurement

Public procurement processes are governed by rigorous legislative, regulatory and policy measures. The Government of Canada is one of the largest public buyers of goods and services in Canada, purchasing approximately CAD 22 billion annually.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost to start a business is 0.3% of income per capita, the lowest in the Americas, easing the entry of new firms.

Summary credit rating

Canada is AAA-rated by four international credit rating agencies, with a stable outlook. Canada's high credit worthiness provides favourable borrowing costs for infrastructure investments, but could be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Transparency in public procurement

Public procurement processes are governed by rigorous legislative, regulatory and policy measures. The Government of Canada is one of the largest public buyers of goods and services in Canada, purchasing approximately CAD 22 billion annually.

Cost to start a business

According to the World Bank, the cost to start a business is 0.3% of income per capita, the lowest in the Americas, easing the entry of new firms.

Summary credit rating

Canada is AAA-rated by four international credit rating agencies, with a stable outlook. Canada's high credit worthiness provides favourable borrowing costs for infrastructure investments, but could be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Top Performing Metrics

Top Performing Metrics

This is defined by the metrics with the highest unweighted score out of 100. 

High income country average

Funding capacity:
Summary credit rating

Opportunities to Grow

Long term GDP growth trend

Long-term GDP growth in Canada is projected to be lower than past performance, partially due to declining levels of business investment and increasing levels of household debt. Canada has a strong reliance on its energy sector and falling oil prices are contributing to slower economic growth.

Dealing with construction permits

According to the World Bank, it takes an average of 249 days to obtain construction permits, the third longest of all High Income Countries. Expediting this process could significantly impact investment in infrastructure by helping to reduce delays.

Gross government debt

Canada's gross government debt sits at 87% of GDP and is higher than the High Income Countries average of 74% of GDP. Considering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, this may hinder Canada’s ability to invest in infrastructure.

Long term GDP growth trend

Long-term GDP growth in Canada is projected to be lower than past performance, partially due to declining levels of business investment and increasing levels of household debt. Canada has a strong reliance on its energy sector and falling oil prices are contributing to slower economic growth.

Dealing with construction permits

According to the World Bank, it takes an average of 249 days to obtain construction permits, the third longest of all High Income Countries. Expediting this process could significantly impact investment in infrastructure by helping to reduce delays.

Gross government debt

Canada's gross government debt sits at 87% of GDP and is higher than the High Income Countries average of 74% of GDP. Considering the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, this may hinder Canada’s ability to invest in infrastructure.

Metrics to Improve

Metrics to Improve

This is defined by the metrics with the lowest weighted score out of 100, such that these metrics would have the greatest impact on the overall score.

For metrics that have binary outcomes (yes=100/no=0), no comparative income group average is reported.

High income country average

Funding capacity:
Long term GDP growth trend

Funding capacity:
Gross government debt

Detailed Data

This section shows country data for each of the 41 metrics. The figures in brackets denote the change in score since InfraCompass 2017. 

Note that all data has been normalised on a scale of 1-100. For raw metric data, please download the complete InfraCompass 2020 dataset. 

Where relevant, some metric scores have been inverted, such that all metrics have positive relationships with good infrastructure outcomes. For example, since lower compliance costs make it easier to invest in infrastructure, the normalised value of ‘number of procedures to start a business’ has been reversed such that lower number of procedures are scored closer to 100, and higher numbers closer to 0. In other words, a score of 0 indicates a poor performance, rather than 0 number of procedures.

Governance Regulatory Permits Planning Procurement Activity Funding Financial
Driver
Rank
Score /100
Emerging Aspiring Contender Top performer Global Leader
- No ranking change Ranking increase Ranking decrease

Metric

Canada

High Income Countries Average

Source Link

28.2%

Recovery rate

The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through reorganisation, liquidation or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings.

86.7 (-0.7)
68.3

20.7%

Rule of law

World Governance Composite Indicator reflecting perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. The rule of law reflects whether the law imposes limits of power on the state, private sector and individuals.

85.4 (-1.4)
74.3

18.1%

Post-completion reviews

Whether the country conducts post-completion reviews on infrastructure projects to ensure the forecast outcomes are being achieved.

Yes
-

15.1%

Shareholder governance

Measures the governance practices that protect shareholders through three dimensions: the extent of shareholder rights index (shareholders’ rights and role in major corporate decisions), the extent of ownership and control index (governance safeguards protecting shareholders from undue board control and entrenchment), and the extent of corporate transparency index (corporate transparency on ownership stakes).

53.3
48.1

12.8%

Political stability and absence of violence score

Measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically-motivated violence, including terrorism. Estimate gives the country's score on the aggregate indicator, in units of a standard normal distribution i.e. ranging from approximately -2.5 to 2.5.

66.5 (-4.4)
61.9

5%

Infrastructure or PPP agency

Whether an infrastructure agency exists to coordinate an integrated approach to infrastructure delivery and policy.

Yes
-

Canada

High Income Countries Average

86.7 (-0.7)
68.3
85.4 (-1.4)
74.3
Yes
-
53.3
48.1
66.5 (-4.4)
61.9
Yes
-

Country Overview Data

Canada's infrastructure planning and procurement processes rank among the best in the world. Having sub-national infrastructure authorities responsible for infrastructure governance and regulation, combined with a high quality administrative and legal system, have helped promote quality project planning and delivery in Canada. However, sluggish GDP growth and rising public debt levels threaten to further decrease Canada's infrastructure expenditure. The long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on infrastructure investment levels remains an outstanding question.
GDP per capita

46,213 USD

Population

37.5 million persons

Infrastructure quality

80.8 (0-100 best)

Infrastructure investment

2.5% of GDP

Private infrastructure investment

7,534 5-year average, USD millions

Infrastructure gap

0.0% of GDP

GDP

1,731 USD billion

GDP growth rate

1.5%

GDP per capita growth rate

-0.2%

Gini coefficient

34.0 (0-100 worst)

Gross Government Debt

88.0% of GDP

Inflation rate

2.0%

Summary credit rating

99.0 (0-100 best)

Unemployment rate

6.1%

Urbanisation ratio

81.0% of total population

Road connectivity

98.7 (0-100 best)

Quality of road infrastructure

5.0 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of train services

4.5 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of air transport services

5.3 (1-7 best)

Efficiency of seaport services

5.1 (1-7 best)

Electricity access

100.0% of population

Electricity supply quality

10.8% of output lost

Exposure to unsafe drinking water

0.3% of population

Reliability of water supply

6.4 (1-7 best)

Digital Adoption Index

0.7 (0-1 best)

Mobile-broadband subscriptions

76.7 per 100 population

Fixed-broadband Internet subscriptions

38.6 per 100 population